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Map of China's Water

Each province, municipality, and autonomous region of China has been assigned a shade, corresponding to the amount of total water resources. The numerical values corresponding to the shades have been defined in the legend, in billions of cubic meters.

To compare water resources with water use, click on any of China's 31 provinces/municipalities/regions. On the charts, water resources and water use have been defined in billions of cubic meters. Scale is not constant, so always make note of it. Water use has been broken down into sectors denoted agricultural, industrial, and other.

To see how trends in China have been affected by time, adjust the year of interest.

Sources National Bureau of Statistics of China
China Statistical Yearbook

Map created by Samuel Kosinski with contributions from Aubrey Ann Parker and Jordan B. Bates of Circle of Blue with assistance from Jennifer Turner of the Wilson Center.


Values were published in numerous Statistical Yearbooks published by the National Bureau of Statistics of China.

Total Water Resources refers to total volume of water resources measured as run-off for surface water from rainfall and recharge for groundwater in a given area, excluding transit water.

Water Use refers to gross water use distributed to users, including loss during transportation, broken down into use by agriculture, industry, living consumption and ecological protection.

Water Use by Agriculture includes uses of water by irrigation of farming fields and by forestry, animal husbandry and fishing. Water use by forestry, animal husbandry and fishery includes irrigation of forestry and orchards, irrigation of grassland and replenishment of fishing farms.

Water Use by Industry refers to new withdrawals of water, excluding reuse of water within enterprises.

Other Water Use was obtained by subtracting Agricultural Use and Industrial Use from the Total Water Use.